The entry into force, starting from 1 January 2020, of Regulation 2018/1912 / EU, modifies the regime of proofs necessary to demonstrate the qualification to benefit from the VAT exemption in intra-community transfers.
These conditions are different depending on whether the transport of the goods to another Member State is carried out by the transferor or by the transferee (the latter case is typical of so-called “ex works” transfers).
In addition to the proofs already requested in the past (stamped cmr, bank documents, etc.) the main changes are the need to keep a copy of the TRANSPORT INVOICE (whether this is made by the transferor or by the transferee) and, only in the case that the transport is carried out by or on behalf of the transferee, of a specific declaration of receipt of the goods, to be sent to the customer together with the sales invoice, and which must be returned filled in and signed by the 10th day of the month following the sale.
So let’s see, in the form of a schematic representation, the conditions upon the occurrence of which – in both cases mentioned above – the transfer of assets from one Member State to another is presumed to be demonstrated for the purpose of qualifying the operation as an intra-community exchange.
A) Transport carried out by the transferor or by a third party on its behalf (Incotems® returns groups C and D)